Kingfisher Inlay Phoenix crown. Ming Dynasty (1368-1644). Kingfisher feathers were most used for hair ornaments and less often in fancy hats. Phoenix crowns were typically worn by empresses in earlier Chinese dynasties but was a garment that was appropriated by other segments of society in formal occasions like marriage. These crowns were often formed over copper wire and then covered with kingfisher feather inlay in the shapes of flowers, butterflies, phoenixes, pearls, and mirrors.